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FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION

More than 125 million girls and women alive today have been subjected to female genital mutilation (FGM) across countries in Africa and the Middle East where this specific form of violence against women is concentrated.

In many cultures, FGM is a recognised and accepted practice that is considered important for the socialisation of women, curbing their sexual appetites and preparing them for marriage. This practice is considered part of a ritual initiation into womanhood that includes a period of seclusion and education about the rights and duties of a wife. Despite its cultural importance, FGM has drawn considerable criticism because of the potential for both short- and long-term medical complications, as well as harm to reproductive health and infringement on women’s rights (Toubia, 1995).

In Nigeria, more than 7 in 10 women and men age 30-49 have heard of the practice. Of those who of heard of the practice, 68 percent of women and 57 percent of men who have heard of female circumcision believe that the practice is not required. Changing people’s altitude on the practice of FGM is key to reducing its prevalence, and totally eradicating the practice.

Prevalence tends to be lower among younger women, indicating a decline in this harmful practice. However, it remains commonplace in a number of these countries, with overall prevalence rates of over 80 per cent.

States were ranked by interventions in changing people’s altitude and reducing its prevalence. The state with the best interventions in 2015 is ranked 1, and the worst ranked 37.
2016 MIND THE GAP REPORT RANKINGS FOR FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION



RANK
STATE
FEMALE POPULATION*
PROPORTION OF TOTAL PROPORTION*
#1


1,891,333
54.3%
#1


2,271,254
47.8%
#1


1,871,180
54.4%
#4


3,695,066
51.4%
#5


3,361,990
52.4%
#5


1,322,158
55.8%
#5


2,608,370
50.8%
#5


1,153,744
48%
#9


2,492,536
55.5%
#9


2,560,351
49.3%
#11


2,614,598
51.3%
#12


1,582,919
51.3%
#12


1,390,123
56%
#14


1,168,191
52.3%
#15


1,739,725
53.8%
#16


2,138,995
56.2%
#17


2,756,631
51.3%
#18


2,990,947
52.7%
#18


1,357,355
57.6%
#20


2,596,948
52.7%
#21


1,910,050
56.7%
#22


1,882,608
48.2%
#23


2,714,626
49.5%
#23


2,306,300
46.2%
#23


3,654,092
54.5%
#23


1,971,093
54.4%
#27


5,905,280
51.4%
#28


1,864,674
55%
#29


2,560,312
44.3%
#30


2,586,400
54.5%
#30


1,430,758
48.9%
#32


1,563,951
49.5%
#32


2,195,595
51.6%
#34


1,671,845
47.4%
#34


5,725,807
54.8%
#34


2,753,513
47.5%
#37


4,021,828
47%


* - 2015 Estimates



Source:
National Bureau of Statistics
Kingmakers.com.ng Calculations



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